Horticulture News

This Season Maharashtra Mango Exports Double

Senior officials of the Maharashtra State Marketing Board (MSAMB) said, this export season has been good for mango growers in Maharashtra. Exports to Japan, Korea and New Zealand have also been on the rise at 12 tonne, 4 tonne and 20 tonne, respectively. The export of mango to the US market has more than doubled this time from last year at 350 tonne as compared to 54 tonne the previous year. While the first consignment of the season of around 4 tonne has left for the Australian market from Lasalgaon Irradiation Centre in Nashik, officials at MSAMB revealed that more than 7-8 consignments have already left for Australia from other locations.

Earlier, India could not export mangoes to Australia until now due to tough phyto-sanitary conditions that require irradiation treatment and inspection prior to the shipment. A delegation had visited a radiation plant in Maharashtra a couple of years ago and the Australian Biosecurity Import Conditions (Bicon) authority had recently revised its protocol to allow Indian irradiated mango. It has okayed irradiation facility centres at Vashi in Navi Mumbai and Krushak at Lasalgoan (near Nashik).

Interestingly, Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (Apeda) had organised a buyer meet at Mumbai for the promotion of mangoes where exporters were urged to explore new varieties of the fruit, as well as sending them via the sea route. Buyers from 18 countries were part of this meet which saw the participation of Australia, Ghana, Iran and Bahrain, among others. The official from MSAMB said that although Alphanso varieties continue to dominate, other varieties such as Kesar are also getting good response.

In April, the first consignment of Alphanso mangoes from the country had left for the US market from Vashi in Mumbai after getting approvals from American quarantine officials. The first consignment of 16 tonne has been done through KB Exports, Rambo International and Kaushal Continental. Sunil Pawar, MD, Maharashtra State Agriculture Marketing Board (MSAMB) had said around 1,500 tonne are likely to be exported to the US, 4,000 tonne to Europe, 20,000 tonne to UAE and 12,000 tonne to other nations. This means a total of 37,500 tonne will be exported from Maharashtra this season, he said. Last year, some 32,500 tonne were exported from Maharashtra, he said, adding that there is a 15% rise in exports this season.

So far, around 600 tonne have been exported from the Vashi centre to Russia, England, Italy and France. Top officials of MSAMB had said that, primarily, Alphanso, Kesar, Bangnapalli variety of mangoes are being exported to overseas countries. With a good mango crop this season, alphanso exports from Maharashtra are expected to increase by 15% this year.

MSAMB officials who handle mango export said all facilities are ready for export. Around 1,500 tonne are expected to be exported to the US. All mangoes exported to the US are irradiated at BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre) in Mumbai which has a capacity to handle one tonne per hour,the official said.

Maharashtra is the largest mango exporting state in the country and accounts for over 80% of the total exports. For Europe, the produce has to go through hot-water treatment. For South Korea, Pest Risk Analysis is mandatory. Mauritius has already granted market access to Indian mangoes subject to phytosanitary certification. The Marketing Board has established facilities for irradiation, hot water treatment, vapour heat treatment for export to various markets. In Maharashtra, Alphanso, better known as Hapus , starts arriving in markets of Mumbai and Pune by the end of February. Arrivals pick up by mid March and the season usually ends by May.

Europe has been one of the most important markets for the country and some 5,000 tonne were exported to the European market last season. Switzerland has also lifted the ban on Indian mangoes. New markets have also opened up in Canada, Malaysia, New Zealand, besides South Korea, North Korea and Australia. Apeda has already issued advisories for registration of mango orchards under Mangonet.

The US, China, New Zealand, Australia, South Korea, Japan, Malaysia, Mauritius are seeking list of registered orchards maintained by Apeda.

Source: https://www.financialexpress.com/

Due to Unfavorable Weather, Mango Yield Affected in Gujarat

According to findings of a survey by the Gujarat government, extreme weather conditions have halved the mango yield in its home districts of Junagadh and Gir-Somnath. Union Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Parshottam Rupala, while speaking at the ‘Farm to Fashion: Indian textile global summit 2018’ in Ahmedabad, said that the mango crop in the state had been affected severely by unfavourable weather conditions this season and that the government was assessing potential crop losses.

At the three-day event that began Friday in Ahmedabad, Rupala said, “Due to the extreme heat, mango trees have been damaged. There is a very big loss to the mango crop this year. We have got details from some of the farmers. We are doing a survey of it.” His comments have come around two weeks after a survey conducted by the Gujarat government concluded that mango orchards in Saurashtra were likely to produce only 40 to 45 per cent of fruits of the long-term average this year.

An officer of state horticulture department told, “Gujarat Agriculture Minister Ranchhod Faldu had visited Junagadh on April 5 and he instructed us to conduct a survey to assess the loss of crops, stating that farmers had made representations in this respect. With the help of scientists from Junagadh Agricultural University, we conducted sample survey in Junagadh and Gir Somnath districts. At the end of the survey, we concluded that the crop is 50 to 55 per cent less of the average in Junagadh district and 55 to 60 per cent less in Gir Somnath district.”

The report was submitted to the state government last month and sources said it was being considered at higher level. Junagadh and Gir Somnath in Saurashtra region are known for the Kesar variety of mango. Farmers have grown mango orchards in more than 8,500 hectare in Junagadh and around 15,500 hectare in Gir Somnath. Overall, Gujarat is the fifth largest producer of mango in the country after Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana. While farmers in Junagadh, Gir Somnath, Amreli, Bhavnagar and Kutch grow aromatic Kesar variety, their counterparts in Valsad, Navsari and Surat districts in south Gujarat mainly grow Alphonso variety. But this horticulture crop is highly weather-sensitive and sudden changes in weather affect the crop adversely.

The Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC), located in Gir Somnath district, recorded the arrival of 14,100 boxes, each containing 10 kg of mangoes, on the inaugural day on Thursday and the average price was around Rs 340 (for a 10-kg box) or around Rs1,700 per quintal. On Friday, the arrivals dropped to 8,350 boxes but the average price remained stable at around Rs 340. The highest price on Friday was Rs 650 and the lowest was Rs 210 for a 10-kg box, officers of the APMC said.

“There was heavy rain in Talala and surrounding areas in October and therefore, flowering on mango trees started late. Then, due to cyclone Ockhi, flowering was affected. At the fruit-bearing stage in early January, there was huge variation in daytime temperature and night temperature. Consequently, trees shed immature fruits. Therefore, the overall production is likely to remain only around 45 per cent of the long-term average,” said a horticulture officer in Junagadh.

Source: http://www.newindianexpress.com/

NITI Aayog Outlines Five Development Missions for North East For Horticulture, Tourism

NITI Aayog vice chairman Rajiv Kumar said that, the NITI Forum for North East today outlined five development missions for promoting sectors like horticulture, tourism and food processing in the region, other missions will cover bamboo-based handicrafts and medium scale industries with focus on ‘Make in North-East’.

Kumar was addressing the first meeting of the newly constituted forum here. Kumar said it was Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision to establish a regional NITI Aayog forum for the north eastern states, a regional forum for Himalayan and Coastal states will also be set up soon.

There has been outflow of resources of North East to other parts of India, he said, adding that the states in the region “must bring back not only its resources but also additional resources. For that we will have to create employment opportunities in the region”.

There is a challenge to bring the north eastern region into the mainstream and the central government is working to connect it with the rest of India, he said. He also pointed out that in the 1950s, per capita income of North East was highest in India. Kumar said, “To make north-east more familiar in the rest of the country, one emporium would be set up in all the districts of the country, so that people can know about the products of the region.”

Among others, the meeting was attended by Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb, Meghalaya Chief Minister Conrad K Sangma, Nagaland Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio and ministers from other North Eastern states. The NITI Forum for North East was constituted in February 2018 to ensure sustainable economic growth of the region. The secretariat for the Forum has been established in the DoNER Ministry. The Forum includes representatives of all north eastern states, their chief secretaries and secretaries of the central ministries, directors of reputed institutions like IIT and IIM and journalists.

Source: http://www.newindianexpress.com/

In the Kerala, Vegetable Production Rises to 9.5 Lac Tonnes

Thiruvananthapuram: Agriculture Minister V S Sunil Kumar said that, the vegetable production in the state has increased from 6.5 lakh tonnes in 2016 and crossed 9.5 lakh metric tonnes within two years.

He said that, this was made possible after the government facilitated vegetable farming in more than 50,000 hectares. The minister was inaugurating the technology meet organised by Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) at Nedumangad.

Sunil Kumar said the government has been implementing projects with the aim of avoiding middlemen so that the farmers can directly avail of the benefits.

MLAs C Divakaran, D K Murali and K Ansalan were present among others. The pension of agricultural labourers would soon be delivered to them, he added.In connection with the meet, seminars, agricultural procession, flower show etc were also held.

The Agriculture Department will run 1,108 vegetable outlets in connection with Vishu from April 12. The vegetables will be procured from farmers at 10 percent higher rate and will be sold at 30 percent less than the open market prices.

Source: http://www.newindianexpress.com/

Odisha Govt Providing incentives to sunflower growers

Though the Government has been promoting cultivation of cash crops, including oilseeds, though incentives to farmers, lack of access to credit has hit the sunflower growers of the district hard.

According to Agriculture department sources, sunflower is grown over 400 acres in different blocks of Dhenkanal district, while around 100 acres are cultivated under a national scheme and the remaining areas are covered by farmers with their own expenses. Farmers begin groundwork for sunflower cultivation after harvest of paddy in December and reap oilseed by March-end. But due to lack of bank loan and Government support, several farmers are giving up this cash crop farming.

Several farmers in Neul Poi village near Joranda have grown sunflower in more than 10 acres along Dhenkanal-Joranda road, said Aditya Samal, another farmer of the village. “We get only free seeds from the Agriculture department for cultivation. But lack of bank loan has affected farming in the mid-stage of the crop as it requires more water supply and fertiliser. We have crushing machines in the village to process the oilseed. One acre of sunflower cultivation provides more than 400 litres of oil.

Though it is a lucrative crop, adequate support from all levels for the farming will strengthen rural economy,” he said.Deputy Director of Agriculture (DDA) Chhabindra Behera said banks are reluctant to sanction loan to small and marginal farmers despite a directive. Banks release loans to big farmers, farming units and cashew factories. However, the Agriculture department provides `4,000 per acre to sunflower growers towards fertilisers and pesticides under National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) project.

AGM of Nabard R K Tripathy said cash crop needs financial support to cover more areas. There should be joint cooperation by banks, district administration, agriculture and horticulture departments and farmers’ body to promote the crop.

Source: http://www.newindianexpress.com

In Haryana Horticulture Cultivation on Rise.

Ambala: Horticulture cultivation is catching the fancy of farmers in Ambala district of Haryana. While many farmers are taking to horticulture, who are already into it are bringing more acres under vegetables and fruits in the district. Educated youth are also making horticulture their business choice, finding it more rewarding than traditional wheat and paddy crops.

Farmers of Kotakchuchha village said that cultivation of vegetables and fruits was more rewarding than that of wheat and paddy. In case of grains, one has to wait for six months for the yield. If one applies technical know-how then cultivation of vegetables and fruits yields more profit than wheat and paddy.

Some farmers have adopted low-tunnel and micro-irrigation methods of cultivation for growing crops like potato, chilly, musk melon, cucumber, cauliflower and onion. About 450 farmers of the block have started cultivating vegetables and fruits on 1,200 acres.

In Ambala district, 2,490 hectares are under gardening, 27,978 hectares under vegetable cultivation, 595 hectares under spices, 36.6 hectares under medicinal plants, and 5.2 hectares under floriculture. Ambala accounts for 93,766 tonnes of mushroom production.

Source: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/

To Promote Horticulture, Himachal Plans Specific Schemes

Shimla(PTI): The Himachal Pradesh Government is contemplating preparing "area specific schemes" for promotion of horticulture, keeping in view the diverse climatic conditions of the state for cultivating different species of fruits.

Horticulture Minister Mahender Singh Thakur said that, the diverse geo-climatic conditions of the state are conducive for cultivation of wide varieties of fruits which could be grown in different parts of the state and as many as 35 species of different verities of fruits could be successfully grown in the state.

The field officers and specialists have been issued specifically directed to visit the farms of farmers in their respective areas and conduct research to explore the possibility of maximum coverage under horticulture activities.

The specialists will go in the field and prepare area specific plans for different regions, keeping in view agro climatic conditions of the area to ensure that optimum survival of plants was achieved, he stressed.

Robust plants of fruits of high yield varieties will be provided to farmers in the state after proper soil testing and more and more farmers will be covered under floriculture and horticulture activities, he said adding this endeavour would also open more self employment avenues in rural areas and strengthen economy.

The government has also decided to increase procurement prices of citrus fruits in the state under market inventor scheme (MIS) and the government would encourage food processing industries for optimum utilisation of horticulture crop.

The horticulture department would develop nurseries as per demand of the farmers and according to the climatic conditions of the region and over 4.5 lakh plants would be distributed to the farmers during the next three months through departmental nurseries as per their requirement, the minister said.

The state government was making sincere efforts to ensure remunerative returns to farmers of their produce and Apple, Mango and citrus fruits have been brought under Market Intervention Scheme (MIS).

The minister informed that, Integrated Horticulture Mission was being effectively implemented in the state for development of horticulture and various activities such as plant nurseries, construction of water sources, and increase in horticulture area, protective farming under green house, organic farming, post harvest management and food processing activities would be executed effectively under the mission.

Source: www.ptinews.com/

This Year, India May Create New Records in the Horticulture Field

NEW DELHI: In 2017-18, India is expected to see a new record of horticulture for example fruits, vegetables, spices and plantation crops, etc. production. By putting the total production at 305.4 million tonnes - nearly 5 million tonnes more than the production in 2016-17, the agriculture ministry released its first advance estimate for the year.

The ministry's final production figures for the year 2016-17 show that the overall horticulture production in the country outstripped the foodgrain production fifth year in a row, beginning the rising trend since 2012-13

As sown area under the horticulture crops has increased only marginally over the years, higher production is mainly attributed to increase in productivity. The advance estimate of the overall horticulture production for 2017-18 is quite impressive.

In 2015-16, the total sown area had increased from 24.50 million hectares to 24.85 million hectares in 2016-17 and further to 24.92 million hectares in current crop year (July-June). The productivity level, on the other hand, increased by 3.45 per cent in 2016-17 as compared to 2015-16. The ministry has arrived at these figures on the basis on information received from different states and Union Territories (UTs).

An official said, "The projected dip in onion production (from 224 lakh tonnes in 2016-17 to 214 lakh tonnes in 2017-18) will help us prepare with contingency measures in case its price starts hurting consumers. Domestic demand can still be met by regulating export."

There had been production of 178 million tonnes of vegetables in 2016-17 which is about 5 per cent higher than the production in 2015-16. Among the vegetables, potato recorded the maximum increase of around 12 per cent. As compared to previous year, Tomato recorded increase of 10.5 per cent whereas the onion recorded an increase of 5 per cent in 2016-17.

But farmers could not translate the impressive production into increasing their income in all parts of the country. They had faced the problem of plenty in absence of adequate cold chain and processing facilities.

For four vegetables - potato, onion, tomato and cauliflower, the Haryana government has recently launched a 'Bhavantar Bharpai' scheme (or the price deficit compensation scheme). The government would fix basic price for all these vegetables based on the cultivation cost ahead of seeding operation and if the prices of these vegetables fall below the basic cost, the state government will compensate the farmers for the price deficit under this scheme.

Source: http://www.business-standard.com/

Steps are Being Taken to Increase the Extent of Horticulture Crops

Kurnool: To increase the extent of horticulture crops in the Kurnool district of Andhra-Pradesh, district Collector S Satyanarayana has said that steps are being taken.

The Collector has said that horticulture crops are grown in 10,000 hectares in the district and it is planned to increase the area to 12,000 hectares.

The Collector, along with Joint Collector V Prasanna Venkatesh, addressed a press conference here on the issues discussed by Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu during collectors’ meet in Amaravati.

By using sprinklers and drip irrigation system, high yields can be obtained with less water. He also stated that, the farmers would be encouraged to rear goats and poultries by extending financial assistance under various schemes.

Around 15,000 borewells are pending to be given electricity connection and the government is planning to solve the issue and RO plant will be set up in the areas where fluoride problems are high, he further said.

The collector also informed that, out of a target of 45,000 farm ponds, 21,000 were completed so far and the rest would be completed shortly. Lands have been allocated for setting up of industries at Orvakal and the works are likely to be launched soon.

Source: http://www.thehansindia.com/

5% up Seen in Horticulture Crop Output

Government data shows, area and production under horticulture crops have increased over the previous year.

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Horticulture Cluster-Houses have been Set Up

To promote horticulture in the state villages, the Agriculture Department has launched Rs 500-crore Crop Cluster Development Programme (CCDP).

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India, Israel Opened Centre for Floriculture in Tamil Nadu

At Thally in Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu, to set up a centre for excellence in floriculture, India and Israel are came together.

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PAU Organizes Guava Show-Cum-Seminar

Guava Show-cum-Seminar organized at Regional Fruit Research Station (RFRS), Bahadurgarh (Patiala) by the Department of Fruit Science.

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Training Programme in Post-Harvest Management of Horticultural Crops

Punjab Horticultural Postharvest technology Centre, Punjab Agricultural University Campus, Ludhiana organized a training programme on postharvest management of fruits and vegetables for farmers of Mansa district on last Tuesday.

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In India's Farms, Food Processing Opportunities Growing Rapidly

India’s farms are slowly making a revolution. Global food companies are beginning to take note of the potential of the Indian market and horticulture produce has been outpacing grain output, cold chains are finally coming up.

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185 Districts Mapped Through Remote Sensing for Horticulture

Agriculture minister Radha Mohan Singh informed that, using remote sensing technology, the Union ministry of agriculture has mapped 185 districts under a project to identify areas best suited for seven different fruits and vegetables across the country.

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Plan for Special Agriculture Zone for Coconut

With the District Planning Committee (DPC) deciding to shortlist the grama panchayats having the largest area of coconut cultivation for the purpose, a special agriculture zone for coconut in Kozhikode district is likely to be a reality soon.

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Training For Flower Grower by PAU

Under the guidance of Dr Ashok Kumar, Director of Extension Education and Programme Director at Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) on 23rd August, the monthly training camp of Progressive Flower Growers Club was organized. In the camp, a total of 40 flower growers participated.

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Time to Switch to Horticulture Crops

A four-day Organic-cum-Nursery Expo was inaugurated by Finance Minister Yanamala Ramakrishnudu at the Siddhartha College of Hotel Management grounds here on 15th August.

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Onion Prices Set to Increase in Local Market

Sources from the horticulture corporation said that, the prices of onions in the local market are likely to increase. They attributed the reasons for the same to shortage in stocks from their suppliers in the neighboring states. The price has gone from Rs 20 per kg earlier this week to Rs 25 now.

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Tissue Culture Technique to Boost Banana Yield.

The Bihar Agricultural University (BAU), Sabour, has embarked on plant tissue culture technique for commercial banana production with the help of Tissue Culture Laboratory (TCL), aimed at augmenting banana yield in the region.

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PAU Imparts Training to Flower Growers

A training camp for PAU Flower Growers Association organized by the Punjab Agricultural University (PAU). A total of 70 members attended the camp, held under the aegis of Directorate of Extension Education, PAU.

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Horticultural Output in India Grows 3.2%

Over 21 million tonnes more than foodgrains production, horticulture production in India in 2016-17 has been estimated to be 295.16 million tonnes. This year horticulture production has been about 3.2 percent more than in the previous year.

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Water Management Helps Horticulture Farmers

Under the Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) scheme, constructing water storage structures near poly greenhouses has helped horticulture farmers here meet the water requirements at this time of water crisis.

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Farmers Turning Towards Horticulture

Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh: Because of the failure of the monsoon coupled with below par return on investments in crops such as paddy, district farmers are taking to horticulture in a big way. According to officials, out of the 5 lakh hectares under total cultivation, horticulture crops have been sown in 92,000 hectares and another 1 lakh hectares would also be brought under horticulture cultivation soon.

In the district, vegetables like Onion, Tomato, Brinjal, Bhendi, Chillies, Fruits like Sapota, Banana, Lemon, Papaya, Batavia, and Mango, Spices like Turmeric and Coriander and Flowers like Chrysanthemum, Jasmine and Crossandra, are largely being grown. With an average yield of 2 lakh tones Mango is the leading crop sown in 30,000 hectares while with a yield of 9.32 lakh tonnes Banana grown in 12,800 hectares, occupies the second place.

Assistant Director of Horticulture M Venkateswara Reddy said, “The State government in a bid to encourage farmers has started a web site called ‘hortinet.com’ in which farmers who register their names can avail of comprehensive information about latest technologies being adopted related to the different horticulture crops.”

The district administration is keen on promoting horticulture crops in a big way by following directions from the government. The government is also encouraging farm mechanization to minimise the the burden of labor. By making farmers switch over from water intensive traditional crops, bailing out farmers from losses and help converse water.

District collector K V Satyanarayana said that, awareness camps on horticulture were being conducted at the grassroots level for farmers and the district administration is looking to increase the horticulture crop area to another 1 lakh hectares, in all mandals in the district.

Source: http://www.thehansindia.com/

Horticulture Department Encourages Farmers To Extract Oils.

Bijnor: After a farmer's efforts in extracting oil from the machine started giving positive results, the horticulture department, which is in Bijnor has started encouraging farmers to purchase oil extracting machine for themselves.

In the district many farmers grow many medicinal plants and flowers which are used in making incense oils but were losing out a lot of their profit to middlemen, but they didn't have technology to extract oils from these plants.

"Earlier farmers were unable to extract oil from medicinal plants, trees and flowers. They used to sell them to middlemen at a very low price as their farm produce had a very low shelf life. We have now suggested farmers to buy oil extracting machines and sell oils to the markets directly," said Narpal Singh, senior inspector of horticulture department.

Neem, sheesham, marigold, rose, sun flowers, artemisia, eucalyptus, chameli, lemon grass, lantana, tulsi, etc. are grown by the farmers in the district.

Farmers can earn Rs 15,000 per bigha from marigold farming if they sell it by extracting oil. Farmers can earn good profit as an alternative to sugarcane farming, if every farmer buys this machine and then grows medicinal plants, trees and flowers. In 24 hours the machine can extract 50-100kg oil.

Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/

Third Advance Estimates for 2015-16 for Horticulture Crops Released

The Third Advance Estimates for 2015-16 of area and production of horticulture crops was released by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The information received from different State/UTs in the country, these estimates are based on this collected information.

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Horticulture : Government Taking Steps to Increase Fruits and Vegetables Production

The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Sudarshan Bhagat informed that the Government taking various steps to increase the Country's production and exports of fruits and vegetables.

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Horticulture: Rs 8,000 crore Mango Based Products Succeed in All Categories

At Rs 8,000 crore, mango-based products a spectacular success across all categories. Mango the king of processed food and beverages across categories from tea to cocktails to candies that's the sweet new truth about India's sweet tooth. And the sweetest thing is the market size.

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Horticulture : India starts shipping pomegranates to US market

The country’s first export shipment of pomegranates has reached American shores. With help from the Maharashtra State Agriculture Marketing Board (MSAMB) and the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) around 1.3 tonne of pomegranates reached Miami, Florida.

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Horticulture : Less Chances for Increase in Prices of Banana

As per the First Advance Estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer’s Welfare, banana is cultivated in 8.36 lakh hectare with a production of 298.95 lakh tonnes in 2015-16 in India.

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Horticulture: J&K Government Plans to Boost Horticulture Sector.

For capacity building in horticulture key sector, Jammu and Kashmir government is planning to set up separate horticulture university and specialised horticulture training institutes in the state. Horticulture Minister Abdul Rehman Veeri said that the government was also mulling setting up Centre of Excellence in horticulture for north and south Kashmir.

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Horticulture | For Horticulture Govt Set Up High-power Vision Group.

The Karnataka State government has constituted a high-power Vision Group on Horticulture, Agriculture and Food Processing and this group is headed by agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan. It has also constituted a working group for drafting a micro irrigation policy.

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Importance and Scope of Horticulture

India with diverse soil and climate comprising several agro-ecological regions provides ample opportunity to grow a variety of horticulture crops. These crops form a significant part of total agricultural produce in the country comprising of fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, flowers, ornamental plants, medicinal and aromatic plants, spices, condiments, plantation crops and mushrooms.

It is estimated that all the horticulture crops put together cover nearly 11-6 million hectares area with an annual production of 91 million tonnes. Though these crops occupy hardly 7% of the cropped area they contribute over 18% to the gross agricultural output in the country.

Horticultural crops play a unique role in India’s economy by improving the income of the rural people. Cultivation of these crops is labour intensive and as such they generate lot of employment opportunities for the rural population. Fruits and vegetables are also rich source of vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates etc. which are essential in human nutrition. Hence, these are referred to as protective foods and assumed great importance as nutritional security of the people. Thus, cultivation of horticultural crops plays a vital role in the prosperity of a nation and is directly linked with the health and happiness of the people.

Fruits and vegetables are not only used for domestic consumption and processing into various products

(Pickles, preserves sauces, jam, jelly sques, etc.) but also substantial quantities are exported in fresh and processed form, bringing much-needed foreign exchange for the country. These groups of crops also provide ample scope for achieving bio-diversity and diversification to maintain ecological balance and to create sustainable agriculture and can make an impact on the national economy in the years to come.

India with more than 28.2 million tonnes of fruits and 66 million tonnes of vegetables is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world next only to Brazil and China. However, per capita consumption of fruits and vegetables in India is only around 46kg and 130g against a minimum of about 92g and 300g respectively recommended by Indian Council of Medical Research and National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad. With the present level of population, the annual requirement of fruits and vegetables will be of the order of 32.58million tonnes and 83million tonnes respectively. To meet this requirement the National Commission on Agriculture has projected an area of 4m.ha. and 8m.ha. under fruits and vegetable crops respectively by 2000A.D.

The recent emphasis on horticulture in our country consequent to the recognition of the need for attaining nutrition security and for more profitable land use, has brought about a significant change in the outlook of the growers. The need for great utilization of available wastelands against the background of dwindling water and energy resources has focused attention to dry land, to arid and semi-arid tracts and to horticultural; crops which have lesser demands on water and other inputs besides being 3 to 4 times more remunerative than field crops.

It is estimated that India has 240 million acres of cultivable wasteland, which is lying idle, which can be brought under orchard crops without curtailing the area under food crops. The country has abundant sunshine throughout year, surplus labour and widely varied agro-climatic conditions, which offers high potential for successful and profitable commercial horticulture.


Ag. Technologies
(Horticulture)




 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 



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