Water Management Helps Horticulture Farmers
Under the Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) scheme, constructing water storage structures near poly greenhouses has helped horticulture farmers here meet the water requirements at this time of water crisis.
Farmers Turning Towards Horticulture
Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh: Because of the failure of the monsoon coupled with below par return on investments in crops such as paddy, district farmers are taking to horticulture in a big way. According to officials, out of the 5 lakh hectares under total cultivation, horticulture crops have been sown in 92,000 hectares and another 1 lakh hectares would also be brought under horticulture cultivation soon.
In the district, vegetables like Onion, Tomato, Brinjal, Bhendi, Chillies, Fruits like Sapota, Banana, Lemon, Papaya, Batavia, and Mango, Spices like Turmeric and Coriander and Flowers like Chrysanthemum, Jasmine and Crossandra, are largely being grown. With an average yield of 2 lakh tones Mango is the leading crop sown in 30,000 hectares while with a yield of 9.32 lakh tonnes Banana grown in 12,800 hectares, occupies the second place.
Assistant Director of Horticulture M Venkateswara Reddy said, “The State government in a bid to encourage farmers has started a web site called ‘hortinet.com’ in which farmers who register their names can avail of comprehensive information about latest technologies being adopted related to the different horticulture crops.”
The district administration is keen on promoting horticulture crops in a big way by following directions from the government. The government is also encouraging farm mechanization to minimise the the burden of labor. By making farmers switch over from water intensive traditional crops, bailing out farmers from losses and help converse water.
District collector K V Satyanarayana said that, awareness camps on horticulture were being conducted at the grassroots level for farmers and the district administration is looking to increase the horticulture crop area to another 1 lakh hectares, in all mandals in the district.
Horticulture Department Encourages Farmers To Extract Oils.
Bijnor: After a farmer's efforts in extracting oil from the machine started giving positive results, the horticulture department, which is in Bijnor has started encouraging farmers to purchase oil extracting machine for themselves.
In the district many farmers grow many medicinal plants and flowers which are used in making incense oils but were losing out a lot of their profit to middlemen, but they didn't have technology to extract oils from these plants.
"Earlier farmers were unable to extract oil from medicinal plants, trees and flowers. They used to sell them to middlemen at a very low price as their farm produce had a very low shelf life. We have now suggested farmers to buy oil extracting machines and sell oils to the markets directly," said Narpal Singh, senior inspector of horticulture department.
Neem, sheesham, marigold, rose, sun flowers, artemisia, eucalyptus, chameli, lemon grass, lantana, tulsi, etc. are grown by the farmers in the district.
Farmers can earn Rs 15,000 per bigha from marigold farming if they sell it by extracting oil. Farmers can earn good profit as an alternative to sugarcane farming, if every farmer buys this machine and then grows medicinal plants, trees and flowers. In 24 hours the machine can extract 50-100kg oil.
Third Advance Estimates for 2015-16 for Horticulture Crops Released
The Third Advance Estimates for 2015-16 of area and production of horticulture crops was released by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The information received from different State/UTs in the country, these estimates are based on this collected information.
Horticulture : Government Taking Steps to Increase Fruits and Vegetables Production
The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Sudarshan Bhagat informed that the Government taking various steps to increase the Country's production and exports of fruits and vegetables.
Horticulture: Rs 8,000 crore Mango Based Products Succeed in All Categories
At Rs 8,000 crore, mango-based products a spectacular success across all categories. Mango the king of processed food and beverages across categories from tea to cocktails to candies that's the sweet new truth about India's sweet tooth. And the sweetest thing is the market size.
Horticulture : India starts shipping pomegranates to US market
The country’s first export shipment of pomegranates has reached American shores. With help from the Maharashtra State Agriculture Marketing Board (MSAMB) and the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) around 1.3 tonne of pomegranates reached Miami, Florida.
Horticulture : Less Chances for Increase in Prices of Banana
As per the First Advance Estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer’s Welfare, banana is cultivated in 8.36 lakh hectare with a production of 298.95 lakh tonnes in 2015-16 in India.
Horticulture: J&K Government Plans to Boost Horticulture Sector.
For capacity building in horticulture key sector, Jammu and Kashmir government is planning to set up separate horticulture university and specialised horticulture training institutes in the state. Horticulture Minister Abdul Rehman Veeri said that the government was also mulling setting up Centre of Excellence in horticulture for north and south Kashmir.
Horticulture | For Horticulture Govt Set Up High-power Vision Group.
The Karnataka State government has constituted a high-power Vision Group on Horticulture, Agriculture and Food Processing and this group is headed by agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan. It has also constituted a working group for drafting a micro irrigation policy.
Importance and Scope of Horticulture
India with diverse
soil and climate comprising several agro-ecological regions provides ample opportunity to
grow a variety of horticulture crops. These crops form a significant part of total
agricultural produce in the country comprising of fruits, vegetables, root and tuber
crops, flowers, ornamental plants, medicinal and aromatic plants, spices, condiments,
plantation crops and mushrooms.
It is estimated that
all the horticulture crops put together cover nearly 11-6 million hectares area with an
annual production of 91 million tonnes. Though these crops occupy hardly 7% of the cropped
area they contribute over 18% to the gross agricultural output in the country.
play a unique role in Indias economy by improving the income of the rural people.
Cultivation of these crops is labour intensive and as such they generate lot of employment
opportunities for the rural population. Fruits and vegetables are also rich source of
vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates etc. which are essential in human nutrition.
Hence, these are referred to as protective foods and assumed great importance as
nutritional security of the people. Thus, cultivation of horticultural crops plays a vital
role in the prosperity of a nation and is directly linked with the health and happiness of
Fruits and vegetables
are not only used for domestic consumption and processing into various products
sauces, jam, jelly sques, etc.) but also substantial quantities are exported in fresh and
processed form, bringing much-needed foreign exchange for the country. These groups of
crops also provide ample scope for achieving bio-diversity and diversification to maintain
ecological balance and to create sustainable agriculture and can make an impact on the
national economy in the years to come.
India with more than
28.2 million tonnes of fruits and 66 million tonnes of vegetables is the second largest
producer of fruits and vegetables in the world next only to Brazil and China. However, per
capita consumption of fruits and vegetables in India is only around 46kg and 130g against
a minimum of about 92g and 300g respectively recommended by Indian Council of Medical
Research and National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad. With the present level of
population, the annual requirement of fruits and vegetables will be of the order of
32.58million tonnes and 83million tonnes respectively. To meet this requirement the
National Commission on Agriculture has projected an area of 4m.ha. and 8m.ha. under fruits
and vegetable crops respectively by 2000A.D.
The recent emphasis
on horticulture in our country consequent to the recognition of the need for attaining
nutrition security and for more profitable land use, has brought about a significant
change in the outlook of the growers. The need for great utilization of available
wastelands against the background of dwindling water and energy resources has focused
attention to dry land, to arid and semi-arid tracts and to horticultural; crops which have
lesser demands on water and other inputs besides being 3 to 4 times more remunerative than
It is estimated that
India has 240 million acres of cultivable wasteland, which is lying idle, which can be
brought under orchard crops without curtailing the area under food crops. The country has
abundant sunshine throughout year, surplus labour and widely varied agro-climatic
conditions, which offers high potential for successful and profitable commercial