Farmers Turning Towards Horticulture
Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh: Because of the failure of the monsoon coupled with below par return on investments in crops such as paddy, district farmers are taking to horticulture in a big way. According to officials, out of the 5 lakh hectares under total cultivation, horticulture crops have been sown in 92,000 hectares and another 1 lakh hectares would also be brought under horticulture cultivation soon.
Horticulture Department Encourages Farmers To Extract Oils.
Bijnor: After a farmer's efforts in extracting oil from the machine started giving positive results, the horticulture department, which is in Bijnor has started encouraging farmers to purchase oil extracting machine for themselves.
Third Advance Estimates for 2015-16 for Horticulture Crops Released
The Third Advance Estimates for 2015-16 of area and production of horticulture crops was released by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The information received from different State/UTs in the country, these estimates are based on this collected information.Read More
Horticulture : Government Taking Steps to Increase Fruits and Vegetables Production
The Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Sudarshan Bhagat informed that the Government taking various steps to increase the Country's production and exports of fruits and vegetables.Read More
Horticulture: Rs 8,000 crore Mango Based Products Succeed in All Categories
At Rs 8,000 crore, mango-based products a spectacular success across all categories. Mango the king of processed food and beverages across categories from tea to cocktails to candies that's the sweet new truth about India's sweet tooth. And the sweetest thing is the market size.Read More
Horticulture : India starts shipping pomegranates to US market
The country’s first export shipment of pomegranates has reached American shores. With help from the Maharashtra State Agriculture Marketing Board (MSAMB) and the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) around 1.3 tonne of pomegranates reached Miami, Florida.Read More
Horticulture : Less Chances for Increase in Prices of Banana
As per the First Advance Estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer’s Welfare, banana is cultivated in 8.36 lakh hectare with a production of 298.95 lakh tonnes in 2015-16 in India.Read More
Horticulture: J&K Government Plans to Boost Horticulture Sector.
For capacity building in horticulture key sector, Jammu and Kashmir government is planning to set up separate horticulture university and specialised horticulture training institutes in the state. Horticulture Minister Abdul Rehman Veeri said that the government was also mulling setting up Centre of Excellence in horticulture for north and south Kashmir.Read More
Horticulture | For Horticulture Govt Set Up High-power Vision Group.
The Karnataka State government has constituted a high-power Vision Group on Horticulture, Agriculture and Food Processing and this group is headed by agricultural scientist M.S. Swaminathan. It has also constituted a working group for drafting a micro irrigation policy.Read More
India with diverse soil and climate comprising several agro-ecological regions provides ample opportunity to grow a variety of horticulture crops. These crops form a significant part of total agricultural produce in the country comprising of fruits, vegetables, root and tuber crops, flowers, ornamental plants, medicinal and aromatic plants, spices, condiments, plantation crops and mushrooms.
It is estimated that all the horticulture crops put together cover nearly 11-6 million hectares area with an annual production of 91 million tonnes. Though these crops occupy hardly 7% of the cropped area they contribute over 18% to the gross agricultural output in the country.
Horticultural crops play a unique role in Indias economy by improving the income of the rural people. Cultivation of these crops is labour intensive and as such they generate lot of employment opportunities for the rural population. Fruits and vegetables are also rich source of vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates etc. which are essential in human nutrition. Hence, these are referred to as protective foods and assumed great importance as nutritional security of the people. Thus, cultivation of horticultural crops plays a vital role in the prosperity of a nation and is directly linked with the health and happiness of the people.
Fruits and vegetables are not only used for domestic consumption and processing into various products
(Pickles, preserves sauces, jam, jelly sques, etc.) but also substantial quantities are exported in fresh and processed form, bringing much-needed foreign exchange for the country. These groups of crops also provide ample scope for achieving bio-diversity and diversification to maintain ecological balance and to create sustainable agriculture and can make an impact on the national economy in the years to come.
India with more than 28.2 million tonnes of fruits and 66 million tonnes of vegetables is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world next only to Brazil and China. However, per capita consumption of fruits and vegetables in India is only around 46kg and 130g against a minimum of about 92g and 300g respectively recommended by Indian Council of Medical Research and National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad. With the present level of population, the annual requirement of fruits and vegetables will be of the order of 32.58million tonnes and 83million tonnes respectively. To meet this requirement the National Commission on Agriculture has projected an area of 4m.ha. and 8m.ha. under fruits and vegetable crops respectively by 2000A.D.
The recent emphasis on horticulture in our country consequent to the recognition of the need for attaining nutrition security and for more profitable land use, has brought about a significant change in the outlook of the growers. The need for great utilization of available wastelands against the background of dwindling water and energy resources has focused attention to dry land, to arid and semi-arid tracts and to horticultural; crops which have lesser demands on water and other inputs besides being 3 to 4 times more remunerative than field crops.
It is estimated that India has 240 million acres of cultivable wasteland, which is lying idle, which can be brought under orchard crops without curtailing the area under food crops. The country has abundant sunshine throughout year, surplus labour and widely varied agro-climatic conditions, which offers high potential for successful and profitable commercial horticulture.