Improved farming practices, healthier animals and – ultimately – increased food security will be the outcomes of projects supported by a US$ 600 000 grant by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Fund for International Development (OFID) under a partnership with the IAEA signed last week.
The work will promote the use of nuclear techniques towards best agricultural practices, and will benefit many people, including poor farmers, in developing countries in Asia.
The projects tie in with Sustainable Development Goal 2 “Zero Hunger”, emphasized OFID Director-General Suleiman J Al-Herbish at the signature of the agreement at OFID headquarters in Vienna on 20 December.
“The two projects will improve food security, and ultimately social and economic growth – two essential elements of the United Nations Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, which OFID has committed to wholeheartedly,” Al-Herbish said. “We are pleased to be working with the IAEA in support of agriculture in Asia.”
Producing more rice
US$ 400 000 will be used to help farmers grow rice that can cope with the effects of climate change in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Lao PDR and Nepal. Countries in Asia, which produce 90% of the world’s rice, have seen fluctuating yields in recent years due to rising temperatures that bring plant diseases and insect pests, extreme floods and droughts as well as a rise in sea levels leading to increased soil salinity and lower soil fertility in coastal areas. By using nuclear and isotopic techniques, scientists can help farmers improve water management practices and optimize the use of fertilizer for best yields at the lowest cost.
Fighting animal diseases
The other US$ 200 000 will go towards the application of nuclear-related techniques for the diagnosis of foot-and-mouth disease and other diseases impacting cattle in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam. Many animal diseases are highly contagious and can spread extremely quickly within a country and across borders, hindering trade and, in some cases, affecting public health. Early and rapid detection of the pathogen is key to halting the spread of these diseases. Nuclear-related techniques are used in the development of testing kits for the diagnosis of such diseases. While conventional methods can detect the viruses, they take a long time and cannot determine their behaviour or genetic character – which is required for a rapid response.
Under the grant, the IAEA, in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), will train veterinarians from the four countries in the diagnosis and control of the diseases. The project will ultimately benefit livestock farmers and increase cattle production.