the land area in India was classified into five categories known as the five-fold land
||area not available for cultivation
||other uncultivated land, excluding the current fallows
||fallow land and
||the net area sown.
Agro forestry is an old concept. Trees crops and animals have traditionally been raised
together on small farms throughtout the world. This concept first died in the temperate
zone due to the demise of the small 'family farm' norm as trees, crops and animal became
separately managed on a large scale in modern agriculture and forestry. In India also we
recieved this legacy from the Britishers who exploited our natural resources and adopted
this sectoral policy. At present our major land-use classification comprises cultivated
land, forest land, pasture land and wasteland.Of a reported area of 306 million hectors in
India (Of a total area of 329 million hectors), 67.4 million hectors are forest land,16.9
million hectors cultivatable waste land and 12.1 million hectors permanant pasture and
other grazing lands. Most of the forest land is owned and managed by state forest
department (SFDs). People have rights to these forest lands for grazing their animals and
collecting fodder, fuel and timber as per prescribed rules and regulation. However, in all
the land-use systems, the tree generally belongs to whomsoever owns the land.
the 1960's India made massive investment in agriculture and achieved spectacular, success
in food production, as did most of the developing countries which undertook sectoral
monoculture. Many traditionally food deficit countries have become self-sufficient and
even food-surplus countries. Despite such a satisfactory global situation, scientist and
planner are worried. For them, increasing the pace of food production to keep pace with
the unabated population growth in the topics and subtopic is still an unfinished task.
Although most countries in the world are in the process of demographic tradition, progress
towards the final stage of this tradition is lagging behind demographically in Africa, the
Indian subcontinent, Latin America, the Middle East and South-East Asia. It is predicted
between 1995 and 2005 the world population will increase by one billion. Ninety percent of
this growth will occur in the developing countries. This tremendous increase will require
at least 60 percent greater agriculture output than in 1995.