Bitter Gourd is an important vegetable consumed by all people. It possesses both nutritive and
medicinal values. It contains more vitamin C, than other vegetables. It also contains
minerals like iron, phosphorus and calcium. juice has antacidic property and
is also good for heart ailments. Cultivation of is quite profitable.
Climate and Soil
Basically, it is a crop of sub-tropical climate
requiring hot and humid climate, temperature ranging from 250C to 350C.
Crop is grown in Kharif and summer seasons where irrigation facilities are available.
Light to medium soils
with good drainage are suitable. In light soils more organic manures need to be applied.
One ploughing upto medium depth (7"-8" deep) should be given and 2-3 harrowings
should be given to loosen the soil and to mix FYM.
- Phule greengold
- Phule Priyanka
- Phule Ujwala
- Coimbatore white long
is a wide spaced Vine crop. It is grown in rings on broad beds. Broad beds are
opened at 1.5 m.with 60 cm.furrows, seeds dibbled in rings.
Manures and fertilizers
25 tonnes of FYM and 200 kg. Neem cake are
applied at the time of land preparation and mixed thoroughly. Top dressing with 200 kg
Nitrogen + 50 kg Phosphorus and 50 kg Potash is done. 50 kg Nitrogen + 50 kg Phosphorus +
50 Kg Potash are applied at the time of sowing and remaining Nitrogen in three split doses
later on at an interval of 30-35 days
Two three weedings. The broad ridges and mended in such a way that vines come on the
In kharif season, irrigations are given at an interval of 10-12 days and in summer season 5-6
Crop is affected by powdery mildew, aphids and fruitfly. For controlling insect attack,
wettable sulphur 30 gm + blito x 30 gm + Nuvacron 15 ml or Endosulphan 20 ml + sticker 10
ml in 10 litre of water be sprayed at 10-12 days interval.
or Mandap needs to be provided to trail the vines to encourage vigorous growth and more
fruiting and also to facilitate interculturing operation, harvesting, etc.
Harvesting and Storage:
Harvesting starts 60 days after sowing. The fruits are harvested every after 8-10 days. In all 15-16
pluckings are obtained. Harvesting should be done in the morning before 11 a.m. Yield
obtained is 15-18 tonnes/ha
Major quantities are marketed in distant markets. Fruits are packed in wooden boxes or bamboo
baskets. They are sold through commission, wholesales and retailers to final consumers.
s are also exported to Gulf Countries by Exporters.