National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
NMSA is expected to transform Indian agriculture into more climate resilient production system through suitable adaptation and mitigation measures in domains of both crops and animal husbandry.
Objectives of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA):
1. To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative and climate resilient by promoting location specific Integrated/Composite Farming Systems;
2. To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices based on soil fertility maps, soil test based application of macro & micro nutrients, judicious use of fertilizers etc.;
3. To establish an effective inter and intra Departmental/Ministerial co-ordination for accomplishing key deliverables of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture under the aegis of NAPCC.
4. To develop capacity of farmers & stakeholders, in conjunction with other ongoing Missions e.g. National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology, National Food Security Mission, National Initiative for Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) etc., in the domain of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures;
5. To conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures;
6. To optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving ‘more crop per drop’;
7. To pilot models in select blocks for improving productivity of rainfed farming by mainstreaming rainfed technologies refined through NICRA and by leveraging resources from other schemes/Missions like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), RKVY etc.;
NMSA has following four (4) major programme components or activities:
1. Rainfed Area Development (RAD): RAD will adopt an area based approach for development and conservation of natural resources along with farming systems.
2. On Farm Water Management (OFWM): OFWM will focus primarily on enhancing water use efficiency by promoting efficient on-farm water management technologies and equipment.
3. Soil Health Management (SHM): SHM will aim at promoting location as well as crop specific sustainable soil health management including residue management, organic farming practices by way of creating and linking soil fertility maps with macro-micro nutrient management, appropriate land use based on land capability, judicious application of fertilizers and minimizing the soil erosion/degradation.
4. Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture: Monitoring, Modeling and Networking (CCSAMMN): CCSAMMN will provide creation and bidirectional (land/farmers to research/scientific establishments and vice versa) dissemination of climate change related information and knowledge by way of piloting climate change adaptation/ mitigation research/model projects in the
5. domain of climate smart sustainable management practices and integrated farming system suitable to local agro-climatic conditions.