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Total geographical area in India, under agriculture was 328.73 million hectares in 2010-11. Land under cultivation from total agriculture land was about 141.58 million hectares. Other uncultivated area including uncultivable waste land is 26.17 million hectares. Agriculture land that is not available for cultivation was 34% in 1950-51. We can see decrease in this figure as Agriculture land not available for cultivation was 23% in 2010-11. [Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture]

Percentage Share of Area to Gross Cropped Area of wheat and sugarcane increased during the period of 2005-2011. Percentage share of wheat and sugarcane in 2005-06 was 0.85 and 2.41; whereas in 2010-11 it was 14.99 and 2.66 viz. [Source: Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation]

Normal Area, Production and Yield of Major Crops in India

Group of Crop Crop Season Area Production Yield
Food Grain Rice Total 43.65 97.24 2228
Wheat Rabi 28.64 84.36 2946
Jowar Total 7.34 6.97 949
Bajra Kharif 9.12 9.2 1009
Maize Total 8.38 19.78 2361
Total Coarse Cereal Total 27.67 39.95 1444
Tur Kharif 3.79 2.66 703
Gram Rabi 8.22 7.24 881
Total Pulse Total 23.97 15.86 662
Total Food Grains Total 123.93 237.42 1916
Oilseeds Groundnut Total 5.81 7.4 1274
Other Cash Crop Sugarcane Total 4.71 325.79 69118
Cotton Total 10.47 28.08 456
Jute & Mesta Total 0.91 11.08 2195
Source:

Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation

There is slight increase in Area and Production of Horticulture fruits. Total area under horticulture fruit increased from 6705000 hectares in 2011-12 to 7012000 hectares in 2012-13. Simultaneously, horticulture fruit production increased from 76424000 tonnes in 2011-12 to 79400000 tonnes in 2012-13. This rise is also seen in vegetable and tree nuts production. [Source: Source: Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (Horticulture Division)]

From the above mentioned data we can expect more production and export of horticulture crop and processed food production.

Source: Agriculture Information professional